Skim Bantu Pemiutang

Posted on 19 January 2009. Filed under: Finance, Perbankkan, POLITIK | Tags: , , , , , , , , , , |

Ekonomi


19 Januari, 2009 22:51 PM  

Singapura Sedia Skim Bantu Pemiutang

SINGAPURA, 19 Jan (Bernama) — Parlimen Singapura hari ini meluluskan pindaan kepada undang-undang bankrap dengan memperkenalkan skim pembayaran semua hutang bagi mengelak orang yang berhutang daripada diisytihar bankrap, selain membantu meringankan pembayaran hutang mereka.

Skim yang diperkenalkan menerusi Rang Undang-Undang Bankrap (Pindaan) 2009 itu membolehkan orang yang bergaji dan mempunyai hutang tidak melebihi S100,000, menyertai pelan itu dengan pemberi kredit masing-masing, bagi mengelak menjadi bankrap.

Lebih utama lagi, mereka mendapat peluang untuk meneruskan pekerjaan masing-msing, kata Menteri Undang-undang dan Pejabat Amanah Awam dan Insolvensi, yang memperkenalkan pindaan itu.

Bagi membayar hutang menerusi skim itu, orang yang berhutang perlu memotong sebahagian pendapatan bulanan serta membuat penyesuaian gaya hidup.

Jika mereka mematuhi obligasi kewangan itu, dia akan dibebaskan daripada hutang dan memulakan hidup baru, kata kementerian berkenaan.

Kementerian itu juga berkata bagi memastikan kepentingan orang yang berhutang dipelihara, pemegang amanah mesti berpuas hati bahawa pelan pembayaran hutang yang dicadangkan itu cukup ketat dan membuat penyesuaian perlu sebelum meluluskannya.

Tujuannya ialah supaya mereka yang terlibat mendapat manfaat yang lebih baik berbanding apa yang mereka dapat jika diiytiharkan bankrap, katanya.

Jika mereka gagal menjalankan tanggungjawab seperti kerap gagal membayar pinjaman, pemberi redit boleh meneruskan prosidng banrkap ke atasnya.

— BERNAMA

MY WORD : WAKE UP OUR MENTERI (BETTER WE FOLLOW THEM ESPECUALLY OUR AS SABAHAN)

MAYBE NOW ITS THE RIGHT TIME…

MAAF SAYA  CUMA NAK BAGI INFO, TIADA KENA MENGENA DENGAN SAYA PUN  😉

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Biro Pengantaraan Kewangan (BPK)

Posted on 14 January 2009. Filed under: Banking, Finance, FOREX | Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , |

Laman Utama > Mengenai kami > Pengenalan


:: Pengenalan

Biro Pengantaraan Kewangan (BPK) adalah sebuah badan bebas yang ditubuhkan bagi membantu menyelesaikan pertikaian di antara anda dengan penyedia perkhidmatan kewangan anda di kalangan ahli-ahli BPK.

BPK menyediakan satu saluran yang percuma, cepat, mudah dan cekap untuk anda mengemukakan pertikaian sebagai alternatif kepada penyelesaian melalui mahkamah. Pertikaian tersebut mungkin berkaitan dengan Perbankan/Kewangan ataupun Insurans dan Takaful

Laman Utama > Perkhidmatan Kami

:: Bagaimana boleh kami bantu?

SKOP

Semua aduan, pertikaian dan tuntutan selain daripada yang tedapat dalam senarai pengecualian. Kes-kes yang yang diterima meliputi, antara lain, pertikaian yang berikut :

  • Pinjaman Peribadi atau Pembiayaan Peribadi-i
  • Pinjaman Perumahan atau Pembiayaan Perumahan-i
  • Mesin Teler Automatik (ATM)
  • Mesin Simpanan Tunai
  • Kad Kredit/Caj atau Kad Kredit –i/Caj-i
  • Sewa Beli atau Sewa Beli-i
  • Akaun Simpanan atau Akaun Simpanan-i
  • Akaun Semasa atau Akaun Semasa-i
  • Deposit Tetap atau Akaun Pelaburan Am-i/
    Khas-i/Spesifik-i
  • Kiriman Wang
  • Perbankan Elektronik
  • Perbankan Internet

Bagi pertikaian yang melibatkan insurans dan takaful, BPK boleh membantu menyelesaikan pertikaian di antara pemegang polisi, pemegang sijil atau pihak yang membuat tuntutan dengan syarikat insurans atau pengendali takaful mereka mahupun pihak ketiga.

BIDANG KUASA

Bagi aduan, pertikaian atau tuntutan yang melibatkan kerugian kewangan, amaun yang dituntut tidak boleh melebihi :

Berkaitan dengan perbankan/kewangan :

RM100,000 (kecuali bagi kes penipuan yang melibatkan instrumen pembayaran, kad kredit, kad caj, kad ATM dan cek yang melibatkan amaun tidak melebihi RM25,000)

Berkaitan dengan insurans/takaful :

RM200,000 (Insurans/takaful motor dan kebakaran) RM100,000 (lain-lain) RM5,000 (kerosakan harta pihak ketiga)

PENGECUALIAN

BPK tidak akan mempertimbangkan aduan, pertikaian atau tuntutan mengenai penentuan harga umum, dasar produk/perkhidmatan ahli, keputusan kredit (kelulusan, penolakan dan penjadualan semula pinjaman), kes-kes penipuan (selain daripada kes-kes penipuan yang melibatkan instrumen pembayaran, kad kredit, kad caj, kad ATM dan cek bagi amaun tidak melebihi RM25,000), kes-kes yang melebihi had masa yang dibenarkan oleh undang-undang atau enam tahun dan kes-kes yang telah dibawa atau dirujuk ke mahkamah dan/atau penimbangtaraan.

IMPAK

Keputusan BPK wajib dipatuhi oleh penyedia perkhidmatan kewangan tetapi pengadu tidak wajib mematuhinya

Laman Utama > Aduan

:: Bagaimana membuat aduan?

Bagaimana Membuat Aduan Terhadap Penyedia Perkhidmatan Kewangan :

Laman Utama > Soalan Lazim

Senarai soalan lazim :

Laman Utama > Pautan

:: Pautan-pautan Utama yang Berkaitan

(Kami sering menyemak semua pautan ke laman web luar, namun kami tidak dapat memberi jaminan terhadap laman-laman web tersebut serta tidak bertanggungjawab terhadap kandungannya)

Maklumat Ahli

Ahli-ahli BPK adalah seperti yang di bawah. Anda boleh mendapatkan maklumat mengenai ahli-ahli BPK dengan mengklik pautan di bawah :

Penafian
Hakcipta © Biro Pengantaraan Kewangan.
Semua Hakcipta Terpelihara.

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emel kemusykilan Gemilang Mirza kepada JAKIM

Posted on 12 January 2009. Filed under: ceramah agama, Finance, HYIP, Pelaburan | Tags: , , , , , , |

.

Nama

:

.

Jefri Abd Rahman.

 

E-Mel

:

 

zeff1926@oum.edu.my.

 

Kategori

:

 

SYARIAH


SUB KATEGORI
Muamalat – –Sila Pilih–


 

Tarikh Hantar Soalan

:

 

14/07/2008 10:13 AM

 

Soalan

:

 

Assalamualaikum wbt, saya ada persoalan tentang satu pelaburan MIRZA atau Gemilang Mirza yang menawarkan keuntungan tetap 35 peratus sebulan selama 6 bulan. Pada mulanya saya memang tertarik dengan pelaburan tersebut yang memang menguntungkan pelabur tetapi apabila seorang ustaz mengatakan pada saya bahawa pelaburan tersebut mempunyai unsur-unsur riba dan saya keliru tentangh unsur riba.. boleh jelaskan.Terima kasih..

 

Jawapan

:

 

Pelaburan adalah satu elemen dalam perniagaan. Mana-mana pelaburan yang hendak disertai mestilah berasaskan kepada syarat-syarat seperti berikut: i. Ada akad yang jelas. ii. Tempat pelaburan yang tidak bercanggah dengan hukum syarak. iii.Tiada unsur-unsur riba. iv. Tiada unsur-unsur penipuan. v. Tiada unsur-unsur penindasan. vi. Tiada unsur-unsur penyelewengan. Apabila pelaburan memenuhi syarat-syarat seperti yang ditetapkan di atas maka ia diharuskan.

Jawatankuasa Fatwa Majlis Kebangsaan Bagi Hal Ehwal Ugama Islam Malaysia kali ke -77 pada 10-12 April 2007 telah memutuskan bahawa sebarang bentuk pelaburan yang menjamin keuntungan secara tetap seperti yang ditawarkan oleh beberapa syarikat pelaburan dalam dan luar negara adalah haram kerana ia mengandungi unsur-unsur tersebut seperti tempat pelaburan dan perjanjian keuntungan kerana keuntungan yang diperolehi oleh pelabur mesti mengikut naik turun keuntungan perniagaan dan kerugian syarikat.

.

 

Status

:

 

Selesai – Paparan Web.

.

Nombor Rujukan

:

 

Asmhn 140708

 

Tarikh Selesai

:

 

14/07/2008 11:41 AM

 


Nota:
1. Jawapan kepada soalan disediakan oleh Panel Kemusykilan Agama, JAKIM
2. Setiap borang yang dihantar hendaklah mengandungi hanya satu soalan sahaja.
3. Jawapan yang diberi adalah berdasarkan Mazhab Shafie kecuali dinyatakan sebaliknya

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High Yield Investment Program

Posted on 27 December 2008. Filed under: Uncategorized | Tags: , , , , , , |

High-yield investment program

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Jump to: navigation, search

A High-Yield Investment Program (HYIP) is a type of Ponzi Scheme, which is an investment scam. At one time, ‘HYIP’ was used in the financial services sector to refer to an investment program which may have offered a high return on investment. The term “HYIP” was abused by the operators of scams to camouflage their scams as legitimate investments. Due to this overuse by the operators, HYIP has become synonymous with scam or Ponzi scheme. The usage of the term has evolved to refer to a kind of Ponzi scheme that recruits “investors” through the Internet. Due to the widespread abuse of this term by Internet Ponzi schemes, reputable financial services no longer label themselves as “High Yield Investment Programs”.

Contents

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[edit] Overview

HYIP operators generally setup a website offering an “investment program” with returns as high as 45% per month or 6% A day that discloses little or no detail about the underlying management, location, or other aspects of how money is to be invested because no money is invested. They often use vague explanations, asserting little more than that they do different types of trading on various stock markets or exchanges to generate the returns they purport. The SEC has said the following on the matter: “These fraudulent schemes involve the purported issuance, trading, or use of so-called ‘prime’ bank, ‘prime’ European bank or ‘prime’ world bank financial instruments, or other ‘high yield investment programs.’ (‘HYIP’s) The fraud artists… seek to mislead investors by suggesting that well regarded and financially sound institutions participate in these bogus programs.”[1]

Some investigators believe that the majority of HYIPs are Ponzi schemes, in which new participants provide the cash to pay a profit into existing investors’ accounts. However, as there are no formal statistics available about the HYIP sector, much of the material in this article is based on anecdote and conjecture.

HYIPs are able to succeed in collecting large sums of money for the operators by using the classic Ponzi scheme method of using second and third tier investments to pay principal and interest back to the first tier investors. This is continued for the first several tiers, generating positive word of mouth advertising for the scheme. HYIPs may also mirror Pyramid Schemes by offering current investors incentive commissions, for example 9% of current investment, to recruit new investors.

The introduction of e-currencies in the late 1990s made it easier for HYIPs to operate on the Internet and across international boundaries, and to accept large numbers of small payments. HYIPs usually accept payments by either e-currency, like e-gold, and INTGold (now defunct), or use specialist third party payment processors like SolidTrustPay, CEPTrust, TriStarMoneyChangers and StormPay.

The largest documented HYIP scam was OSGold, founded as an e-gold imitation in 2001 by David Reed. OSGold folded in 2002. According to a lawsuit filed in U.S. District Court in early 2005, the operators of OSGold may have made off with USD $250 million[2].

CNet reported that:

At the height of its popularity, the OSGold currency boasted more than 60,000 accounts created by people drawn to promises of “high yield” investments that would provide guaranteed monthly returns of 30 percent to 45 percent.[2]

The second largest documented HYIP was PIPS (People in Profit System or Pure Investors).[3][4] The investment scheme was started by Bryan Marsden in early 2004, according to the Wayback Machine record of pureinvestor.com, and spanned more than 20 countries. PIPS was investigated by Bank Negara Malaysia in 2005 which resulted in Marsden and his wife being charged in a Malaysian court with 97 counts of money laundering more than 77 million RM, equivalent to $20 million.[5] Even after these charges were brought forth, many of Marsden’s followers and investors continued to support him and believe they would see their money in the future. This type of rationalization and denial can often be seen on many HYIP forums.

[edit] HYIP games

As a result of online forums and monitoring sites which have made HYIP investors more aware of their nature, some HYIP operators promote their programs as a “ponzi-structured game” where one should “not invest money one cannot afford to lose”, and where there is “never a guarantee of earnings or refunds”. They promise to pay out up to, for example, 95% of deposits, the rest going to hosting or other fees and the owner’s profit.

In such “games”, the first participants (“investors”) may make a good profit and are encouraged to refer other people to the program because of referral commission, the fact that they have already made back their principal and are playing with profit, and that the more people who deposit money, the more money can be paid out to participants. In theory, strategies can be developed to maximize profit using these games (but, of course, since this is a zero-sum game, such strategies work by taking advantage of ignorance or errors by others). Some forum users may gain a reputation whereby others will trust their word that they have been able to withdraw their profits, encouraging others to invest in the hopes that more will invest after them and that they can therefore make a profit. As these games are by definition Ponzi schemes, it is inevitable that the majority of participants who are not at the top of the pyramid will lose their money.

These “games” might be considered as lotteries. However, the odds of winning cannot be determined, as one cannot know whether one is playing early enough to win money (that is, whether a sufficient number of new participants will follow). Thus, these activities are unlike a lottery or other forms of regulated gambling, where a participant has an equal chance of winning no matter when a ticket is bought, or where the odds of the game are known.

HYIP programs generally appeal to the same kind of person who is attracted to gambling. Like gambling, HYIP “games” are a way of separating the participant from his money, while offering a small chance of making a profit. This accounts for their rapid proliferation.

[edit] HYIP monitors

HYIP monitors, or HYIP listing/rating sites, are personal or commercial websites that list and/or promote HYIPs for referral commissions. The monitor charges each HYIP a listing fee which is usually then invested into that program, although there exist free listings and occasionally monitors which invest their own money. The monitor then labels the HYIP as “Paying” or “Not paying/Scam” depending on whether interest is received within the terms specified by the program. Monitors also allow other HYIP investors to rate and comment on the programs, based on factors such as promptness of payouts and responsiveness of the HYIP administrator. Programs with higher ratings achieve higher rankings on the monitor sites, which coupled with a “Paying” status may entice more investors who rely on the monitor.

In some cases, HYIPs may only pay monitor sites to keep their “Paying” status visible, but do not pay other investors. As HYIP monitors are not affiliated with the HYIPs themselves, they are unable to prevent investors from being scammed; they neither help to recover lost funds nor track down the scammers. Promoting or perpetuating Ponzi schemes is a criminal offense punishable by jail terms or fines in most countries. That the monitor sites place disclaimers saying that they “do not promote the programs advertised on their website” does not absolve them from criminal liability.[citation needed]

In order to generate a “paying” status early (so that future visitors will see it) and maintain it for the longest possible time, newly opened HYIPs list their site quickly as well as constantly pay monitors their interest on time. Added to the fact that many monitors invest the listing “fee”, and that a commission is received on each deposit made by people who visit the HYIP via the monitor, they are the most likely to profit when a program runs out of funds.

HYIP owners can manipulate monitors and forums, by paying people to comment positively or by using a range of IP addresses or proxy servers in different locations so that “paying” votes appear to come from around the world. This allows the HYIP to rise up the rankings more quickly than others, giving participants a false sense of security. Additionally, even if they know it will scam in the future, some participants will also rate new HYIPs positively until the HYIP stops paying, because they want more people to invest after them in the hopes that the program will last longer. Future scammers can also build up a good reputation on forums for a large payoff once most forum members trust them.

Martin L. Mitchell, The one who appears as representative of the fraudulent company TradElite.net, was too Director since April 2004. Previously served as Director of MSB Financial, Inc. and Marshall Savings Bank, F.S.B. from 1987 to 2004. In 2004, Dr. Mitchell became President and Chief Executive Officer of Starr Commonwealth, a non-profit organization serving youth and their families with campuses in Albion, Battle Creek and Detroit, Michigan and Columbus and Van Wert, Ohio. Previously he was Executive Vice President and Chief Operations Officer 2002-2004, Vice President and COO 1999-2002, and Vice President of Program from 1981-1999. Dr. Mitchell has served on the Board of Directors of Olivet College, Olivet Michigan since 1995. Registrant:

   [Tradelite Finance Corp.]
   Martin Mitchell        (tradelitenet@gmail.com)
   Century Plaza Office Tower
   Office Nr.7, 20th floor
   Panama City
   Panama,001
   PA
   Tel. +507.2021589
   Fax. +507.9963177

Creation Date: 18-Oct-2007

Expiration Date: 18-Oct-2012

That is the group of swindlers under the tutelage of Dr. Martin l. Mitchell

LIZKA VILLALOBOS; DANIEL ISAAC CHI; JENITZEL ACOSTA Título del Dignatario Nombre del Dignatario: PRESIDENTE: LIZKA VILLALOBOS; TESORERO: DANIEL ISAAC CHI ; SECRETARIO: JENITZEL ACOSTA
Many monitors appear only to make certain programs more acceptable and trustworthy.

[edit] Mechanics

Though Ponzis and HYIP schemes have thrived and multiplied since at least the early 1900s, the combination of the Internet and Electronic money has played an important role in the rapid growth of HYIP’s in the first decade of the 21st century. Like many businesses with a narrow niche market, the Internet has enabled HYIP scammers to find a global market of people who demonstrate by their behavior that they “want to be scammed”. Somewhat similar to the poor person who spends a large percentage of their income on lottery tickets in hopes of striking it rich, HYIP participants invest money in a “company” in a foreign country that offers returns that are “too good to be true”, that publishes no verifying information, and has no way of being held accountable.

The use of digital payments systems has made it much easier for operators of such websites to accept payments from people worldwide[6]. Electronic Money systems are generally accepted by HYIP operators because that is the only payment system to which they have access. Acceptance of credit cards and ACH would give them access to a far larger pool of prospective victims, but the difficulty of opening a merchant processing account while hiding their identity prevents them from doing so.

Once the HYIP operator has received the payment, it is difficult and costly to track them down across several national borders. This would be the case regardless of whether regular banks or electronic money was used.

While some HYIP operators exploited this weakness, several digital currency companies responded by taking measures to discourage their system from being used for HYIPs. Certain HYIP operators, such as David Reed, opened digital currency companies serving the HYIP niche. Examples of payment systems started by HYIP operators that eventually folded include Standard Reserve, OSGold, INTGold, EvoCash and most recently EMO Corp[7]. StormPay was started in the same way in 2002, but has remained in business even though the HYIP that is was created to serve was shut down by the State of Tennessee[8].

The preference of HYIP operators for e-gold may be because other digital currencies run by HYIP operators that catered to the HYIP niche (see above), have folded, as the operators have made off with the deposits. That is to say, HYIP operators don’t trust each other, but they do trust e-gold, which has remained a stable and reliable payment system for over 12 years.

HYIPs have often been started under the guise of companies. Some have gone so far as to actually incorporate their company in countries with lax fraud laws. Due to these locations, operators may be effectively immune to normal laws that would protect an “investor” in that investor’s country. The operators have been known to host their website with a webhost that offers “anonymous hosting”. They will use this website to accept transactions from participants in the scheme.[9] The HYIP scam may also create sites which employ spamdexing or other adversarial information retrieval techniques in order to attract potential victims by creating an impression that the company has done no wrong. HYIP Monitors are one such example.

Because the amount of money “lost” by a given HYIP participant is generally quite small, and that the nature of the scam is relatively obvious, government task forces on Internet crime do not generally give them high priority.

[edit] Rationalizations

Often HYIPs will claim that they make money through non-existent yet plausible means, playing to people’s gullibility or ignorance on the subject. In the case of the prime bank scam, many people were led to believe that they were buying banknotes in a clandestine organization called prime bank. Other HYIP scams claim that they use special software or algorithms that have the ability to forecast markets in order to make money.[10]

[edit] Social aspects

HYIPs generally appeal to emotions of investors who are looking to “get something for nothing”. Unfortunately, often those who play become part of the scam. They are encouraged to promote it in order to receive payment on their investment. In this aspect, it mirrors a Pyramid scheme in that users must recruit others in order to profit.

[edit] HYIPs indicted or under investigation

[edit] See also

[edit] References

[edit] External links

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Who is Bernard Madoff?

Posted on 27 December 2008. Filed under: Uncategorized | Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , |

December 15, 2008

Who is Bernard Madoff?

His career made him a Wall Street legend; his downfall will seal his notoriety

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DINAR EMAS

Posted on 4 November 2008. Filed under: Banking, Finance, Perbankkan | Tags: , , , , , , , , , , |

Former Malaysian Prime Minister, Tun Dr Mahath...

Image via Wikipedia

DINAR EMAS

|
1. Ramai juga yang bertanya berkenaan Dinar Emas termasuk juga BBC yang mengadakan wawancara dengan saya baru-baru ini.

2. Apa yang sudah jadi kenyataan yang tidak lagi dapat dinafi oleh negara-negara di dunia ialah sistem kewangan yang ada sekarang sudah gagal untuk diguna dalam ekonomi dan dagangan baik dalam negeri atau antarabangsa.

3. Keputusan Bretton-Woods selepas Perang Dunia Kedua ialah semua matawang negara di dunia ditentukan nilainya mengikut nilai tukaran dengan matawang Amerika Syarikat.

4. Tetapi di tentukan juga yang nilai Dolar Amerika ialah sebanyak 35 Dollar untuk satu ouns emas. Ini bermakna secara tidak langsung semua matawang dinilai mengikut sekian banyak emas.

5. Di masa itu semua matawang adalah kukuh. Tetapi Britain, pada tahun 1966 telah turunkan nilai Pound British. Malaysia telah rugi banyak kerana simpanan (reserve) kita adalah dalam matawang Pound. Pada satu masa Pound yang bernilai Ringgit Malaysia 8.30 telah turun kepada Ringgit Malaysia 3.60.

6. Kemudian Presiden Richard Nixon membuat keputusan bahawa Dollar Amerika tidak lagi terikat dengan emas. Amerika telah tolak apa yang dipanggil sebagai “Gold Standard“. Amerika juga memutuskan bahawa pasaran akan tentukan nilai Dolar Amerika.

7. Tetapi negara-negara lain masih percaya akan kekuatan ekonomi Amerika dan meneruskan ikatan nilai matawang mereka dengan Dollar.

8. Satu lagi keputusan dunia antarabangsa ialah nilai dagangan antarabangsa ditentukan dengan nilai Dollar Amerika dan bayaran juga dibuat dengan Dollar Amerika. Ini menyebabkan permintaan bagi Dollar Amerika menjadi kuat dan sekali gus menjamin nilai Dollar Amerika tidak jatuh walaupun tidak lagi diukur dengan sekian banyak emas.

9. Pada satu masa dahulu bank besar dibenarkan mencetak dan mengeluarkan “Bank Notes” sebagai wang yang sah dipergunakan. Kemudian pemerintah mengambil alih pengeluaran matawang.

10. Bank mengeluarkan pinjaman daripada modal dan deposit oleh pelanggan. Kadang-kadang jumlah pinjaman melebihi wang yang ada dalam bank. Tetapi ini dihadkan. Walaupun demikian pinjaman yang dikeluarkan kerap kali jauh lebih banyak dari had yang ditentukan.

11. Apabila pendeposit mengeluarkan simpanan mereka beramai-ramai maka bank tidak mampu untuk membayar balik kepada pendeposit kerana semua wang telah diberi pinjam bahkan lebih daripada itu. Dalam keadaan ini bank mesti di selamatkan (bail-out) oleh Kerajaan.

12. Melihat bahawa bank boleh mengeluarkan pinjaman hampir tanpa had (unlimited) maka penyangak pun merancang untuk guna duit bank yang tidak terhad ini untuk meraih keuntungan atas angin. Maka berlakulah dagangan matawang, pinjaman kepada peminjam yang keupayaan membayar tidak terjamin, penjualan pinjaman yang dikeluarkan oleh bank kepada syarikat insurans dan syarikat gadaian (mortgage company) dan lain-lain. Jumlah semua transaksi ini amat besar, bernilai berbilion dolar. Apabila ramai peminjam tidak dapat bayar hutang atau servis hutang, maka mereka yang membeli pinjaman bank dapati mereka akan rugi berbilion dolar.

13. Dan banyak lagilah penyalahgunaan sistem bank Barat yang dilakukan. Demikian Amerika dengan kekayaannya yang besar sekalipun tidak dapat menampung berbilion dolar kerugian oleh bank, syarikat, insuran, syarikat mortgage, hedge funds, merchant dan investment bank dan lain-lain.

14. Sesungguhnya sistem bank dan matawang Barat sudah gagal. Dunia harus kaji untuk menggantinya dengan sistem lain termasuk perbankan Islam dan dagangan dengan matawang khusus seperti Dinar Emas.

15. Tidak seperti duit kertas emas tetap mempunyai nilai dimana-mana dalam dunia. Dinar Emas dicadang hanya untuk menyelesaikan bayaran dagangan antarabangsa.

16. Apakah ada cukup emas dalam dunia untuk dijadikan wang antrabangsa? Sudah tentu tidak.

17. Tetapi kita tidak perlu bayar dengan dinar emas sepenuhnya. Memadai jika kita bayar cuma lebihan antara import-eksport antara dua buah negara.

18. Jika sebuah negara mengeksport 100 juta Dinar kepada sebuah negara lain dan negara itu pula mengeksport kepada negara pertama barangan atau khidmat yang bernilai 110 juta Dinar, maka bayaran yang harus dibuat oleh Bank Negara negara yang pertama hanyalah 10 juta Dinar emas. Jika tidak ada Dinar Emas yang mencukupi maka bayaran boleh dibuat kemudian dengan eksport bernilai 10 juta Dinar.

19. Kita bukan sahaja boleh ada dagangan antara dua buah negara tetapi antara beberapa buah negara. Sebenarnya bank-bank mengguna cara ini untuk menyelesaikan bayaran cheque kepada beberapa bank yang telah terima dan mengeluarkan bayaran berasas kepada cheque lain-lain bank.

20. Sudah tentu akan ada banyak masalah pada permulaan. Tetapi pakar-pakar boleh cari jalan untuk selesaikan atau atasi kelemahan sistem Dinar Emas ini.

21. Bank Negara Malaysia pernah runding dengan sebuah negara lain dan penggunaan Dinar Emas memang boleh dilaksanakan. Tetapi entah kenapa Bank Negara Malaysia tidak dapat menjayakan sistem ini.

sumber dari : http://test.chedet.com/che_det/

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Perlindungan deposit dikuat kuasa serta-merta

Posted on 18 October 2008. Filed under: Banking, Finance, Pelaburan, Perbankkan | Tags: , , , , , |

KEMENTERIAN Kewangan dan Bank Negara Malaysia semalam mengumumkan langkah perlindungan deposit di bank, institusi kewangan dan insurans sehingga Disember 2010, dalam usaha mengekalkan kestabilan serta keyakinan pendeposit terhadap sistem kewangan negara.Bank Pusat itu dalam kenyataan semalam, berkata berkuat kuasa serta-merta, semua deposit dalam ringgit dan mata wang asing di bank komersial, Islam dan pelaburan, serta institusi kewangan pembangunan seliaan Bank Negara, akan dijamin sepenuhnya oleh kerajaan.

“Perlindungan deposit itu dilaksanakan menerusi Perbadanan Insurans Deposit Malaysia (PIDM) berkuat kuasa serta-merta hingga Disember 2010.

“Jaminan itu juga diperluaskan kepada semua institusi perbankan domestik dan asing yang diperbadankan di negara ini. Akses kemudahan kecairan Bank Negara juga diperluas kepada syarikat insurans dan pengendali takaful yang diselia bank pusat itu,” lapor kenyataan itu.

Pendekatan itu diambil sebagai langkah awal selaras inisiatif negara serantau untuk memelihara keyakinan dalam sistem kewangan masing-masing, susulan ketidaktentuan pasaran kewangan global.

“Ia adalah tindakan awal dan langkah pencegahan… Keyakinan pendeposit kekal kukuh susulan institusi kewangan Malaysia memiliki permodalan teguh dengan kecairan mencukupi.

“Berdasarkan kekukuhan permodalan institusi perbankan negara, besar kemungkinan jaminan itu tidak akan digunakan. Malaysia sudah memiliki rangka kawal atur dan pemantauan yang diperkukuhkan dengan disiplin kewangan oleh PIDM,” katanya.

Kenyataan itu menambah, sistem taksiran premium berbeza, menyediakan insentif kepada bank untuk mengambil pendekatan kukuh dan mengamalkan pengurusan risiko ketat, termasuk menyediakan penampan modal yang kukuh.

Sementara itu, PIDM juga memiliki kuasa penyelesaian perlu untuk melindungi pendeposit.

“Bank Negara kekal berhati-hati terhadap sebarang kemunculan risiko serta cabaran ke atas sistem kewangan negara.

“Jika timbul ketidakstabilan selanjutnya susulan perkembangan luaran, Bank Negara juga akan menyediakan perlindungan obligasi antara bank bagi syarikat perbankan, untuk memastikan kecairan mencukupi dan memudahkan akses kepada kecukupan modal pada paras sasaran jauh di atas standard minimum,” katanya.

Bank Pusat menambah, pihaknya akan terus memastikan rangka kawal atur kekal peka terhadap situasi pasaran dan mengekalkan insentif bersesuaian untuk pengurusan risiko secara berhati-hati.

Ia untuk membolehkan institusi kewangan terus berfungsi secara terurus sebagai pengantara sistem dan pasaran kewangan.

Sumber dipetik dari Berita Harian

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